Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)The Rule of Law and Security Institutions Group (ROLSIG) has six Sections:
- Explosive Hazards Management – covered by the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS)
- Joint Justice and Corrections
- Maritime Security
- Police – led by UNSOM’s Police Commissioner
- Security Sector Reform, which is divided into three components:
- Defence Sector Reform – led by UNSOM’s Senior Military Adviser
- National Security Architecture
ROLSIG has a broad mandate to support the Federal Government of Somalia, and where appropriate AMISOM, through the provision of coordination, facilitation and strategic policy advice in the areas of rule of law and security institutions. More specifically, ROLSIG’s work covers the following:
- Facilitating dialogue between key stakeholders – both Somali and international – on the future structures of Somalia’s rule of law and security institutions at the Federal and State levels;
- Strengthening organisational, operational and individual capacity through training and mentoring programs in the rule of law and security sectors;
- Secretariat support and facilitation of Working Groups and other key discussion fora;
- Coordination of donor support to a variety of projects, including rehabilitation centres for disengaged Al-Shabaab fighters, training of rule of law and security sector personnel, building infrastructure, particularly justice and corrections facilities, and the payment of stipends to security sector personnel;
- Assisting the Federal Government of Somalia to comply with international responsibilities and standards, such as the UN Security Council arms embargo.
Under the Somali New Deal Compact, the Federal Government of Somalia identified five peace-building and state-building goals (PSGs). ROLSIG focus is on PSGs 2 and 3.
PSG 2 focuses on security institutions and aims to establish unified, capable, accountable, and rights-based Somali federal security institutions providing basic safety and security for its citizens. The priorities for PSG 2 are:
- Strengthen the capacity and accountability of state security institutions to recover territory, stabilise and provide basic safety and security;
- Integrate security forces into federal institutions;
- Implement a national program for the treatment and handling of disengaged combatants;
- Develop an effective maritime security strategy within the framework of the Maritime Resource and Security Strategy.
ROLSIG has the lead within UNSOM for supporting PSG 2. Overall responsibility, including secretariat support, lies with the National Security Architecture component of the Security Sector Reform Section, with input from the other security-related sections.
PSG3 focuses on justice and corrections and aims to establish independent and accountable justice institutions capable of addressing the judicial needs of the people of Somalia by delivering justice for all. The priorities for PSG 3 are:
- Key priority laws in the legal framework, including the reorganization of the judiciary, are aligned with the Constitution and international standards;
- Justice institutions start to address the key grievances of Somalis;
- More Somalis have access to fair and affordable justice.
The Joint Justice and Corrections Section is UNSOM’s lead on PSG 3 and is responsible for providing secretariat support and coordination.