UNSOM, in partnership with the UN Country Team, promotes an enabling environment for the effective delivery of international assistance in Somalia by supporting the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in the coordination of the many international actors providing technical and financial assistance to the country's political and socio-economic recovery.
We approach integration and the aid coordination aspects that allow us to move the country forward from transition into a more long-term stage of peace and development. So, to assist achieving this, we have an integrated mission that works closely with Agencies, Funds and Programmes to find common approaches.
The Integrated Approach:
Overall, the UN’s work in Somalia is guided through four main frameworks: the NDP9, the New Partnership for Somalia, the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF) and the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). These are frameworks through which we support Somali priorities. We use aid coordination systems to develop programmes and work to run them through PWGs and the Somalia Development and Reconstruction Framework (SDRF).
The Somali aid architecture is a coordination framework that brings together State and non-State actors to regularly discuss at the technical and political level on national development and reconstruction and the effectiveness of joint action in support of agreed priorities. It also includes a set of pooled funding mechanisms jointly administered by the FGS and the UN, the World Bank and the African Development Bank, which reduce administrative costs, contribute to using government systems and ensure project alignment to national priorities. To ensure coordination we follow government led aid coordination systems with the Somalia Partnership Forum (SPF) at the top.
The last SPF held on 7 December 2020 brought together the FGS, the five Federal Member States (FMSs) plus the Banadir region and international partners to review high-level commitments. The participants discussed the Mutual Accountability Framework (MAF) and the 2020 commitments, as well as the progress achieved so far in this regard. They further agreed on a set of priority commitments for 2021 and presented their views, strategies and approaches regarding those issues.
The Partnership Principles articulate the desired terms of relationship between the FGS and the international community; they include clear targets and indicators and aim at improving aid effectiveness. Principles such as national leadership and ownership, inclusiveness, focus on results, alignment of external aid to national priorities, institutional strengthening, use of country systems, transparency and accountability will continue to be essential in the implementation of the National Development Plan.
The decision to adopt the New Deal and implement it in Somalia a few years ago was a political decision that marked a shift in the international community’s engagement with the country. It was deemed the be the right framework for a state building approach that put government legitimacy at the forefront of the assistance provided, following decades of limited engagement and, from a programmatic perspective, an almost exclusive focus on humanitarian assistance, outside of government channels.