Rule of Law and Security Institutions
UN Mine Action Service
UNMAS is delivering critical training to the Somali Police to mitigate the devastating impact of explosive hazards.
The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM by training and mentoring the troops in Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Improvised Explosive Device disposal, advising on operational planning processes, and the use of specialized equipment and services, including explosive detection dogs. UNMAS also provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police to develop their bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia, while also supporting the Federal Government of Somalia in weapons and ammunition management. Moreover, UNMAS coordinates humanitarian mine action activities, such as the survey of dangerous areas, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia.
Security Sector Reform
The UNSOM-UNDP Integrated SSR Office provides strategic advice and technical support to the Federal Government of Somalia and Federal Member States to assist in strengthening Somalia’s security institutions.
In the context of Somalia’s national security architecture, UNSOM and UNDP work in unison to help reestablish capable, affordable, acceptable and accountable security institutions. The joint team is tasked with building the capacity of governance structures such as Parliament, the Federal and Member State security ministries, and national and regional security offices; strengthening civilian oversight; and monitoring the affordability of the security sector. Moreover, the Integrated SSR Office advises the Federal Government of Somalia on Weapons and Ammunition Management (WAM), arms embargo compliance, and maritime security. Current focus is on delivering a programme to enhance the capacity of both the Parliament’s Defence Committee, and the Ministry of Internal Security, while facilitating the establishment of a Somali WAM Commission. The Maritime Security team assists the Federal Government of Somalia, Federal Member States and Somaliland in developing maritime security capacity in accordance with the Somali Maritime Resource and Security Strategy – an important step towards establishing Somalia’s blue economy.
Justice and Corrections Services
The UN Joint rule of Law Programme is assisting the Federal Government and Federal Member States to extend justice services across Somalia.
The Joint Justice and Corrections Section (JJCS) provides strategic and technical advice at Federal and Member State levels on the rule of law. Under the UN Joint Rule of Law Programme, JJCS supports the building of institutional capacity and the expanded delivery of justice services through technical advice on the justice and corrections architecture, capacity building activities for justice and Custodial Corps staff, support to mobile courts and for traditional dispute resolution mechanisms, provision of legal aid and the conduct of awareness raising activities. JJCS, with UNDP, also coordinates the interventions of the United Nations on justice and corrections matters.
UNSOM Police is working closely with the Somali Police to support implementation of the New Policing Model, which is crucial to ensuring law and order in Somalia.
The UNSOM Police Section provides strategic advice aimed at establishing capable, accountable and rights-based police services both at Federal and member States levels in order to provide public order, safety and security for all the people of Somalia. UNSOM Police is present in Mogadishu and all the states except Galmudug where it intends to deploy in the near future. UNSOM Police is currently supporting the implementation of the New Policing Model both at Federal Government and Federal Member State levels based on the political agreement by the National Leadership Forum, development of policing plans for the Federal and Member State levels, and the provision of basic policing services to the local communities.
Defence Sector Reform
UNSOM’s military advisors are supporting the Ministry of Defence and the Somali National Army to enhance their effectiveness.
The Defence Sector Reform Section consists of three international military advisors in Mogadishu and a military advisor in each of the Mission’s field offices in Kismaayo, Baidoa, Belet Weyne and Garowe. The purpose of the section is to provide politically aware military advice to UNSOM, AMISOM and the Federal Government of Somalia if requested. Headed up by a Brigadier General, the section provides the secretariat function for the Defence Steering Committee working on behalf of the Minister of Defence and assists the Federal Government of Somalia in coordinating international donor support for defence sector reform.
Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration
UNSOM’s DDR activities are a crucial component in stabilizing Somalia and preventing violent extremism.
The Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) Section assists the Federal Government of Somalia to implement a national program for the treatment and handling of disengaged combatants, within the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) framework. It provides technical advice and capacity building on DDR for Federal Government and Federal Member States. The section also assists with the coordination of donors’ support, as well as the support of international implementing partners and national stakeholders on planning and implementation of DDR-related activities. DDR team comprises national and international officers. Through their presence in three field offices and in Mogadishu, the DDR team provides assistance both at Federal Government and at Federal Member State levels, and ensures proximity to communities.