UNSOM Police Commissioner
"The Police Section is one important pillar within the Mission and our main goal is to strengthen the capacity and accountability of the Federal and State Police to recover and stabilize territory and provide basic safety and security.”
UNSOM Police provides strategic advice to the Somali government at Federal and States level to serve the Somali people and uphold the Rule of Law, in order to establishing and strengthen capable, accountable and rights based police services. UNSOM Police also coordinates closely with AMISOM, the UN country team and international partners and donors on policing issues.
UNSOM Police is led by the Police Commissioner, Christoph Buik (Germany) and has an authorized strength of 19 Police Advisors. The UN police officers in UNSOM are deployed in Mogadishu and in the Somalia Federal Member States of Hirshabelle, Jubbaland, Puntland and South-West State. As of 31 April 2017, 14 UN police officers from six Member States are deployed to UNSOM, from Belgium, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Nepal and Sweden.
New Policing Model (NPM)
UNSOM Police is supporting the implementation of the New Policing Model both at Federal and Member State level based on the political agreement at the 2016 National Leadership Forum. The agreement was renewed by the government on 16 April 2017 and endorsed by the Security Pact at the London Conference on Somalia on 11 May 2017. The New Policing Model provides an organizational structure of policing at federal level and member state level that will report to their respective federal and state-level ministries of internal security. Each Ministry will be responsible for recruitment and training of police personnel based on principles, standards and requirements, agreed collectively.
Technical Committees which oversee the implementation of the New Policing Model are operating in Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubbaland, Puntland and South West State. The Technical committees include representatives from the respective Ministry of internal security and State police High Command.
UNSOM Police is providing mentoring and monitoring the launched joint patrol program and initiated a joint patrol training for Police officers from Galmuduug and Puntland as well as support to the Gaalkacyo Ceasefire Team Advisory Group in the disputed city of Gaalkacyo.
Police from the UN Standing Police Capacity (SPC) have been deployed to the area to assist with training of joint patrol units in close cooperation with AMISOM, consisting of security service personnel from both member state governments, which has helped to uphold the ceasefire.
Preventing and Halting Sexual and Gender-based Violence
Through the UN Joint Rule of Law Program, UNSOM Police is working alongside UNDP on a range on activities to enhance protection against sexual and gender-based violence.
In December 2015, the UN convened a workshop to establish pilot gender- responsive community-policing units. Trainings have also been provided to the Somali Police that focus on the collection of evidence in cases of sexual and gender-based violence and interviewing techniques required to obtain critical information from victims. UNSOM Police has a designated focal point for sexual and gender-based violence and for mainstreaming gender perspectives in the Somali security services.
Support to AMISOM
UNSOM Police is working together with the AMISOM Police component to train and mentor the Somali Police. Trainings have been provided on international Human Rights principles to ensure the Somali Police upholds its responsibility to protect civilians, including Protection of Internally displaced Persons, Protection of Children in armed conflicts, Human Rights in Police Search and Seizure and Human Rights in Pre-Trial Detention.
UNSOM Police has also supported a Radio Communication Training, aimed at upgrading the capabilities of Somali Police Officers to handle field equipment and utilize it to improve efficiency. UNSOM police is collocated within the AMISOM headquarters in Mogadishu to strengthen the cooperation and support between the African Union (AMISOM) and United Nations (UNSOM) peace Operations.
Police Working Group
The Police Working Group is a high level strategic platform established for the Somali Police Services and the international community. UNSOM Police is supporting the chairing Somali Police Service to conduct the decision making meetings. It enables common understanding and mainstreaming for the participating parties to professionalize the Somali Police Services. It sets the strategic direction and determines implementation priorities.
Professional Police Development Board
The Professional Police Development Board was established with the encouragement of UNSOM Police in 2015 and coordinates international support to the Somali Police in the specific area of training. Members of the development board include the Somali Police Force, police representatives from the Somali Federal Member States, UNSOM Police, UNDP, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), European Union Maritime Capacity Building Mission to Somalia (EUCAP-Somalia) and the AMISOM Police.
On 11 May 2017, the standardized police recruit curriculum was approved by the federal and the Somali Federal Member States police organizations and provides the basis for common training standards in Somalia for police recruits. The Professional Police Development Board also manages in-service training across Somalia but this is an area that requires further attention as the state police develop.
Police Project Coordination Cell
The Police Project Coordination Cell is seen as a valuable mechanism for coordinating support to the Somali Police. Established by UNSOM Police and the Somali Police in mid-2016 there has been increased coordination among the UN agencies and the international community at the project level.
At the practical level, it is expected that in 2018 this donor coordination process (the cell) will coordinate all donor support to the police at the federal member state and the federal level by aligning international support with the implementation of the state police development plans that are currently being developed and are expected to be completed by September 2017.
Human Rights Due Diligence Policy
UNSOM Police is implementing the United Nations policy on Human Rights Due Diligence Policy by contributing to risk assessments on various non-UN Security Forces/ Services as well as the Human Rights Due Diligence Policy is part of the implementation of the New Policing Model.
The United Nations ensures gender-sensitive policing throughout the work of United Nations Police as an operational necessity to address the differentiated security needs of women, men, girls and boys. In addition, female police officers act as role models for gender equality, inspiring women and girls to advocate for their own rights and pursue careers in law enforcement. Female police officers, moreover, provide a greater sense of security to women and children and improve access and support from law enforcement agencies to local women.
In Security Council Resolution 2101 (2013) UNSOM is mandated to help build the capacity of the Federal Government of Somalia to promote respect for human rights and woman’s empowerment and to prevent conflict related gender-based violence, including through the provision of Gender Advisors.