UNSOM/ ROLSIG/ Police Section


UNSOM Police Commissioner
Christoph Buik

The Police Section is one important pillar within the Mission and our main goal is to strengthen the capacity and accountability of the Federal and State Police to recover and stabilize territory and provide basic safety and security.”


Tasks

UNSOM Police provides strategic advice aimed at establishing capable, accountable and rights based police services, both at Federal and Member States level to serve the Somali people and uphold the Rule of Law.

Structure

UNSOM Police is led by the UNSOM Police Commissioner and has an authorized strength of 19 Police Advisors. Located in Mogadishu and the Federal Member States Hirshabelle, Jubbaland, Puntland and South-West State.

Activities/ Projects

New Policing Model (NPM)

UNSOM Police is supporting the implementation of the NPM both at Federal and Member State levels based on the political agreement at the 2016 National Leadership Forum, renewed by the actual Government on 16th April 2017 and endorsed by the Security Pact at the London Conference on Somalia on 11th May 2017. The NPM provides an organizational structure of policing at federal level and member state level that will report to their respective federal and state-level ministries of internal security. Each component will be responsible for recruitment and training of police personnel.

Technical Committees are operating in Galmudug, Hirshabelle, Jubbaland, Puntland and South West State to roll-out the agreed NPM.

Ceasefire Mediation

UNSOM Police is providing critical support to the Gaalkacyo Ceasefire Team Advisory Group (GCTAG) in the disputed city of Gaalkacyo following the outbreak of violence between security forces aligned with Puntland and Galmudug administrations in October 2016, which lefts dozens of people dead and displaced tens of thousands of residents.

Police from the UN Standing Police Capacity (SPC) have been deployed to the area to assist with training of joint patrol units in close cooperation with AMISOM, consisting of security service personnel from both member state governments, which has helped to uphold the ceasefire.

Preventing and Halting Sexual and Gender-based Violence

Through the UN Joint Rule of Law Program, UNSOM Police is working alongside UNDP on a range on activities to enhance protection against sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).

In December 2015, the UN convened a workshop to establish pilot gender- responsive community-policing units. Trainings have also been provided to the Somali Police that focus on the collection of evidence in cases of SGBV and interviewing techniques required to obtain critical information from victims. UNSOM Police has a designated focal point for SGBV and mainstreaming gender perspectives in security services.

 

Support to AMISOM

UNSOM Police is working together with the AMISOM Police component to train and mentor the Somali Police. Trainings have been provided on international Human Rights principles to ensure the Somali Police upholds its responsibility to protect civilians, including Protection of Internally displaced Persons, Protection of Children in armed conflicts, Human Rights in Police Search and Seizure and Human Rights in Pre-Trial Detention.

UNSOM Police has also supported Radio Communication Training, aimed at upgrading the capabilities of Somali Police Officers to handle field equipment and utilize it to improve efficiency. UNSOM police is collocated within AMISOM HQ to enhance cooperation and support between the AU/UN Peace Operations.

Police Working Group (PWG)

The PWG is a high level strategic platform established for the Somali Police Services and the international community. UNSOM Police is supporting the chairing Somali Police Service to conduct the decision making meetings. It enables common understanding and mainstreaming for the participating parties to professionalize the Somali Police Services. It sets the strategic direction and determines implementation priorities.

Professional Police Development Board (PPDB)

The PPDB was established with the encouragement of the UNSOM Police Section in 2015 and coordinates international support to the Somali Police in the specific area of training. Members of the PPDB include the Somali Police Force, FMS police representatives, UNSOM Police, UNDP, UNODC, EUCAP-Somalia and AMISOM Police. 

On 11 May 2017, the standardized police recruit curriculum was approved by the federal and FMS police organizations and provides the basis for common training standards in Somalia for police recruits.  The PPDB also manages in-service training across Somalia but this is an area that requires further attention as the state police develop.

Police Project Coordination Cell (PPCC)

The PPCC is seen as a valuable mechanism for coordinating support to the Somali Police.  Established by UNSOM Police and the Somali Police in mid-2016 there has been increased coordination among the UN agencies and the international community at the project level. 

At the practical level, it is expected that in 2018 this donor coordination process (the PPCC) will coordinate all donor support to the police at the federal member state and the federal level by aligning international support with the implementation of the state police development plans that are currently being developed and are expected to be completed by September 2017.

Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (HRDDP)

UNSOM Police is implementing the UNHQ policy on HRDDP by contributing to risk assessments on various non-UN Security Forces/ Services as well as the HRDDP policy is part of the implementation of the New Policing Model.

Gender

The United Nations ensures gender-sensitive policing throughout the work of United Nations Police as an operational necessity to address the differentiated security needs of women, men, girls and boys. In addition, female police officers act as role models for gender equality, inspiring women and girls to advocate for their own rights and pursue careers in law enforcement. Female police officers, moreover, provide a greater sense of security to women and children and improve access and support from law enforcement agencies to local women.

IN SCR 2101 (2013) UNSOM is mandated to help build the capacity of the Federal Government of Somalia to promote respect for human rights and woman’s empowerment and to prevent conflict related gender-based violence, including through the provision of Gender Advisors.